Useful Music Articles - India Classical Raagas : Guitars
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A Look at Guitars - The Hawaiian Guitar
“Hawaiian Guitar has completed almost
100 years in 20th Century proving its significance. It has extensively
traveled and have tasted the new mountains of fame, not only in its origin
but in whole world, may it be Indian Classical, filmy or English Classical
or say it Pop.
The advance form of this instrument could be seen in
Indian Classical music
and movies with a variety of names. The history of its
entrance in India is very interesting. Young Classical guitar player
Sh. Debashish Bhattacharya claims on the basis of his own research that
Guitar entered in India with Taan Mae and Band in 1931 from Calcutta.
This confirms Gremmie Mass, who happened to be a student of Tan Moe.
He forehanded his style to his students and then Guitar was more famous
like Calcatian Babu Style.
Whatever the changes and modifications are seen in this instrument, these
are all due to the particular style of playing of each artiste and his
limitations. It may be said that further development of this instrument be
left for future. It is said that Sh. Brij Bhooshan Kabra has established
this instrument in Indian classical Music, but this fact is acceptable only
as partial truth. If we see from history, this credit foes to Sh. Gopal
Singh, son of Sh. Parbatsingh, of Gwalior, who was a student of us tad Hafiz
Ali Khan. He used to play in AIR during 1950.
This time is between 1935 to 1950, Dr. Chakrapanisingh also confirms this.
My grandfather Pt. B.N. Kshirsagar confirms these facts too. He had stayed
in Gwalior between 1932 to 1944. Under the tutelage of Pt. Krishnrao Shankar
Pandit and Pt. Raja Bhaiya Poonchwale. A few people know that there was
tarab and Chikari in the Guitar of Sh. Gopal Singh.
Sh. Vishwamohan Bhatt modified guitar
according to his style. Concept of drone strings, tarab under the main fret
board for greater sustainity makes it significant. Whereas Sh. Kabra’s style
was gayaki, Sh. Bhatt balanced his playing with
gayaki and tantrakaree. His guitars are famous with the name
Mohan veena. Sh. Satish khanwalkar used
mijrabs to play this instrument to find the techniques of sarod, sitar and
guitar at one time.
Music is an art and constantly developing. Person and his thoughts are very
important in art. That’s why Sh. Debashish Bhattacharya made a few changes
again and used Chikari in front of guitar to play extreme laya patterns and
compositions. He calls his guitars anandi,
chaturangi etc. Sh. Chakrapani Singh has added 32 additional
strings and calls his guitar Kacchapi.
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